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روانپزشکی روانشناسی - تاثیر موسیقی بر روان
 

تاثیر موسیقی بر روان

نوشته شده توسط :نیلوفر باوفا
پنجشنبه 13 آبان 1389-02:59 ق.ظ

تاثیر موسیقی بر روان


تاثیر موسیقی در ضمیر متنوع است وآهنگ ها برحسب ریتم واصوات ،حالات

مختلفی را در آدمی به وجود می آورند وامروزه کمتر کسی یافت می شود که به

موسیقی علاقه نداشته باشد . هرفرد سلیقه متفاوتی در انتخاب نوع موسیقی دارد .

ومعمولا با شنیدن موسیقی مورد علاقه خود به یک نوع احساس آرامش می رسد .

وسعت موسیقی ، به قدری است که هر احساسی را می توان تحریک یا خلق کرد.

که ازاین طریق تحریک تخیل ،تداعی وهیجانی شدن عواطف در روحیه آنها اثر

می گذارد.
موسیقی شامل دورکن اساسی ریتم وملودی است .
ریتم طنین وضربان نظم هر آهنگ است . ارتعاشات وهر احساس

روانی ، طنین مخصوص را به وجود می آورد . به عنوان مثال ریتم آرامش

واطمینان باریتم شادی وغم با ریتم امید واعتماد فرق دارد . با موسیقی می توان

ریتم های متنوعی را به وجود آورد وانرژی های مختلفی در شنونده تحریک شود

با تحریک ارتعاشات روانی شنونده وهماهنگی باآن ، می توان به تدریج تغییراتی

را در جهت مناسب ایجاد کرد واحساس وی را به سمت مثبت وتعادل سوق داد .


ملودی محتوا وخود آهنگ است که از ترکیب اصوات ایجاد می شود . هر ملودی

برحسب ترکیب اصوات وفواصل موجود درآن احساسات خاصی را به شنونده

منتقل می سازد . بعضی ملودی ها غمگین وبرخی ملایم وآرام بخش ٰتعدادی

هیجانی ووبیقرار وبعضی شاد وفرح بخش هستند که این احساسات ، بستگی به

فواصل فیزیکی ، ترکیب اصوات وعادات فرد دارد. فواصل فیزیکی ، نقش عمده

ای در تعیین نوع احساسات دارد . هر احساسی در مغز با فرکانسهای خاصی

تحریک می شود وملودی در جهت این احساسات عمل می کند .

آهنگسازان ونوازندگان،بر حسب ذوق ومیزان اطلاعات خود ،تم های مختلفی را

خلق کرده اند که در اینجا اشاره ای کوتاه به هر کدام از آنها می شود:

تم شیدایی : این تم ها در صورت ترکیب مناسب ، می تواند احساساتی چون جوش

وخروش ، حس قدرتنمندی ،تحرک ، رقص وپایکوبی ودیگر احساسات خوشایند

را در شنونده ایجاد کند . اما بیش از حد شنیدن این نوع آهنگ ها به افراد ، بی

قراری بی نظمی ، گیجی وتشویش را منتقل می سازد از این رو شنیدن بی رویه

تم ها مناسب نیست . از این تم ها می توان برای تحریک احساسات افراد غمگین

استفاده کرد .

تم حزین : شنیدن این نوع آهنگ ها احساس شکوه وشکایات وناکامی را در شنونده

ایجاد می کند وباعث به یاد آوردن خاطراتی از ناملایات گذشته می شود. اما باید

به این نکته توجه شود . که تم ها ی حزین در حالت ملایم درد را تسکین می بخشد

در هنگام ناراحتی تحمل ناراحتی ها را آسان می کند اما شنیدن بیش از حد این نوع

آهنگها روحیه را خسته وحزین می گرداند واحساساتی چون ترحم ،خواهش ،

نیایش؛هم دردی والتماس را بیان می کند .

تم های هیجانی : در موسیقی هیجانی میل به خود نمایی ونمایش دیده می شود . تم

های هیجانی بیشتر برونی است ومیل به تظاهر وحرکت جسمی را دارد . از تم

های هیجانی می توان در ایجاد انرژی روانی ،رغبت وانگیزه در کاهش حالت

افسردگی وغمگینی بهره جست .
تم های شاد وفرح بخش: تم هایی هستند که شادمانی ونشاط را توام با آرامش

ومتانت منتقل می سازد ،توام با ثبات وآرامش است وبا وجود سیستم نسبتا تند آن

هیجان ایجاد نمی کند وبعد از شنیدن آنها آرامش خود را به خوبی حفظ می کنیم

ودر عین حال باعث سرزندگی می شود فکر وعواطف را متعادل ساخته وآرامش

وقرار ذهنی شنونده را ایجاد می کند.

این نوع آهنگها برای تقویت روحیه افراد یک اجتماع وسرزندگی ونشاط آنها به

خصوص جوانان ،سازنده هستند .
تم های آرامبخش: تم های مطبوعی هستند که تحریک کننده ،غم انگیز ، هیجانی

ووجد آور نیستند ومتن ملایم ویک نواخت ارتعاشات آنها ، احساس آرامش را

منتقل می سازند . شنیدن این نوع موسیقی ها برای آرامش و وحدت وفرایند های

ذهنی را تقویت می کند واز آن می توان در کاهش بسیاری از تنش ها استفاده کرد.





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